Rukwa Region came into being in 1974 when part of Mbeya and Tabora Regions were demarcated to form a new Region. The Region lies in the extreme south western part of Tanzania between latitudes ( 5 - 9) º S and longitudes (30– 33)0 E. It is bordered with Zambia to the Southwest, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the West across Lake Tanganyika, Katavi Region in the North and Songwe to the Southeast. The Region has an area of 27,765 Sq. kms comprising 3 Administrative Districts with 4 Local Government Authorities (LGAs). The administrative districts include Sumbawanga, Nkasi and Kalambo. The Region has a population of 1,000,540 people according to the 2012 Housing and Population Census. Rukwa is considered as one of the remotest regions in Tanzania, far from the commercial and administrative centres of Dar es Salaam and Dodoma respectively. Ecologically, Rukwa Region consists of three (3) agro-ecological zones which include the Ufipa plateau, the Rukwa valley and the Lake Tanganyika shores. These ecological zones are favourable for development of agriculture, forestry, industry and tourist services.
Rukwa is endowed with the high potential of mineral resources such as iron, silver, coal, lead, limestone, mica, gemstone and the similar; most of which are not yet exploited. Prospecting of petroleum/gas is going on in Lake Tanganyika and Lake Rukwa.
The Regional economic growth rate in terms of GDP at current market price in 2010, 2011 and 2012 was 1,092,300, 1,293,386 and 1,529,289 respectivelly. Per capita income for 2010, 2011 and 2012 was 726,658, 830,052 and 974,601 respectivelly.
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